Assam-Information About Assam, India, North East India - Majuli Island-The Largest River Island In The World

Assam-Information About Assam, India, North East India

Assam-Information About Assam, India, North East India

The North Eastern state Assam incorporates a wealthy and ancient history. In precedent days, it absolutely was called Pragjyotishpur. In Assam, nobody has didn't capture the empire until the arrival of the British. This is one of the largest and beautiful states of India which has never been in the ownership of Muslim rulers.

Assam-Information About Assam, India, North East India
Sky View Of Assam, India
The Government of India divided the Assam state into several states. The capital of Assam state until 1950 was Shillong. In the year 1963 the Nagaland becomes the 16th state of India and in the year 1972, Meghalaya was also made a separate state and in the same year i.e. in the year 1972, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram are separated from Assam as Union Territories and they both became the state in the year 1986. Present day Dispur is the official capital of Assam. 

Assam is the largest and glorious state in North East India. It is located just below the south of the Eastern Himalayas which consist of the Brahmaputra and Barak valley. It is a really superb state encircled by mountains and the area covered by Assam state is 78,438 sq. km. The glorious state Assam shares border with Nagaland and Manipur to the East; West Bengal to the West; Kingdom of Bhutan and also the Arunachal Pradesh to the North; Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram, and Bangladesh to the South. Assam internationally shares the border with Bhutan and Bangladesh. The watercourse Brahmaputra passes through the center of the state hence the river Brahmaputra is termed as the lifeline of the people of Assam.

The Assam state is world famous for Majuli Island which was created by the watercourse Brahmaputra. The Majuli Island is situated at the middle of the Brahmaputra river. The official capital of Assam is Dispur and Guwahati is the largest city of Assam. Recently the Guwahati city is enclosed in today's fastest growing cities of the world due to its speedy development.

Assam-Information About Assam, Ethnic Groups of Assam:

Since the earlier period, different tribes have lived within the hills and valleys of Assam state and they contribute to the glorious culture of Assam. The indigenous folks include different ethnic groups like- Ahom, Bodo, Mishing, Sonowal, Rabha, Karbi, Chutia, Kalita, Tiwa, Koch Rajbongshi, Assamese Brahmins, Mahanta, Keot, Mech Kachari, Dimasa, Sarania Kachari, Thengal Kachari, Hajong, Deori, Assamese Muslim, Sikh and Christians, Tai Phake and other Tai groups, Tea tribes etc.

Assam-Information About Assam, Assam is Famous For?

The Assam state is basically famous for Assam Tea and Silk and there is a place called Digboi where the first Oil well is in Asia is built in the 19th century. The Digboi is also known as Oil city of Assam. The Assam is the highest tea producing states of India. The famous Assam tea is the identity of this state everywhere the world. Assam state produces 55% of India and 16% of the tea in the world. In Assam, natural beauty is found in many mountain ranges, rivers, river islands, hills etc. The state is also conserved the one-horned Rhinoceros from near extinction which is also the state animal of Assam while the White-winged wood duck is the state bird. The state is also home for many Asian Elephants along with the wild water buffalo, pygmy hog, tiger and various species of Asiatic birds. The Assam state is also rich in many natural resources like- Petroleum, Limestone, Natural gas, and Coal and apart from this many minor minerals such as- Feldspar, Clay, Quartzite etc. can be found here.

Assam-Information About Assam, India, North East India
Tea Garden, Assam

Assam-Information About Assam, India, North East India

Economy of Assam

The economy of Assam is mostly aided by wildlife tourism which is centered around the Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park, which are also the world heritage sites.

Biodiversity of Assam

Assam is also the richest biodiversity zones in the world and consist of-
  1. Deciduous Forests.
  2. Riverine Grasslands.
  3. Tropical Rainforests.
  4. Wetlands.
There are Sal tree forests are found within the state which as a result of swarming downfall, look green all year round. Assam receives a lot of downfall than most parts of India. This downfall feeds the Brahmaputra watercourse, whose tributaries and oxbow lakes provide the region with a hydro-geomorphic atmosphere.

Languages of Assam

The Assamese and the Bodo are the major indigenous and official languages of the state and while the Bengali, it holds the official status in the three districts in the Barak valley and is also the second most widely spoken language of the state.

Rivers of Assam:

In Assam as the watercourse, Brahmaputra flows through the middle of the Assam state. Here the climate is very cold and there is rainfall most of the month. The river Brahmaputra is cooler than the Himalayas. There are many tributaries of the Brahmaputra which are- Manas, Kameng, Subansiri, Dibang, Lohit, Dhansiri which is originated from Laisang peak of Nagaland. Other two rivers of Assam are- Kapili and Barak river.

Assam-Information About Assam, India, North East India

Mountain Ranges of Assam:

Assam state is surrounded by many mountain ranges or hills which are- Bhuban Hills, Mikir Hills and Barail range which is on the borders of Assam, Nagaland, and Manipur. Assam state is surrounded by Arunachal mountain ranges also which is consist of Miri Hills, Dafla Hills, Abor Hills, Mishmi Hills, and Patkai range.

Major National Park and Tiger Reserves of Assam:

Major National Park of Assam are-
  1. Kaziranga National Park
  2. Manas National Park
  3. Nameri National Park
  4. Orang National Park
The Kaziranga National Park is the most famous one which holds two-thirds of the world one-horned rhinoceros. Kaziranga and Manas National Park are the world heritage sites as well. All of the above National Park are also the Tiger Reserves of Assam.

Biosphere Reserves and National Park of Assam:

  1. Dibru Saikhova Biosphere Reserve: It is also a National Park and here the key fauna includes- Golden Langur.
  2. Manas Biosphere Reserve: Here the key fauna includes- Golden Langur and Red Panda.

Lakes of Assam:

In Assam, there are two lakes which are-
  1. Dipar Bill Lake: It is a permanent freshwater lake and this is also the Ramsar site.
  2. Haflong Lake

Folk Dance of Assam:

Bihu is the famous folk dance of Assam where young girls and men perform together either in circles or in parallel rows. Dance is an integral part of the Bihu festival of Assam and this is basically celebrated in the month of April on every year when the harvesting of crops is over.

Also Read:  Geographical History Of The Majuli Island | History Of Majuli

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