Assam-19 Interesting Facts About Assam,2019 - Majuli Island- The First Riverine District of India

Assam-19 Interesting Facts About Assam,2019

Assam-19 Interesting Facts About Assam,2019

1. Assam-The Entryway To North East India:

Assam-19 Interesting Facts About Assam,2019, Sky View Of Assam
Sky View Of Assam
The Assam state is situated South of the Eastern Himalayas region. It is one of the beautiful and glorious states of India. It is also called "The Land Of Beauty". The capital of Assam state is Dispur in India. 

2. O Mur Apunar Desh-Assam's State Anthem:

O Mur Apunar Desh means "Oh My Endearing Country". It is known as the state Anthem of Assam. It was written and composed by "Lakshminath Bezbarua" which was one of the best poem writers of the state. This poem is considered as one of the finest creation of Lakshminath Bezbarua and it was accepted as the state Anthem of Assam in the year 1927 at a conference which was held in Tezpur. 

O Mur Apunar Desh(অ’ মোৰ আপোনাৰ দেশ)

অ’ মোৰ আপোনাৰ দেশ
অ’ মোৰ চিকুণী দেশ
এনেখন সুৱলা, এনেখন সুফলা
এনেখন মৰমৰ দেশ ।

অ’ মোৰ সুৰীয়া মাত
অসমৰ সুৱদি মাত
পৃথিৱীৰ ক'তো বিচাৰি জনমটো
নোপোৱা কৰিলেও পাত ।

অ’ মোৰ ওপজা ঠাই
অ’ মোৰ অসমী আই
চাই লওঁ এবাৰ মুখনি তোমাৰ
হেঁপাহ মোৰ পলোৱা নাই ।

3. Bihu- The World Famous Festival Or State Festival Of Assam:

Assam-19 Interesting Facts About Assam,2019, Rangali Bihu
Bihu Festival
There are three different types of Bihu celebrated in Assam. Every year the Bihu festival comes thrice. The Bihu is the main festival or state festival of Assam. The three Bihu festivals are- Rangali Bihu or Bohag Bihu(celebrated in mid-April), Magh Bihu or Bhogali Bihu(celebrated in mid-January) and Kati Bihu or Kangali Bihu(celebrated in the month of October).

4. Dispur- The Capital Of Assam: 

Assam-19 Interesting Facts About Assam,2019,Dispur, Capital Of Assam
At present, the Dispur is known as the official capital of Assam. Guwahati is the unofficial or pseudo-capital of the state. Though the High Court, National Law College, IIT(Indian Institute Of Technology), DGP Headquarter and all the other main offices are present at Guwahati, the Dispur is the capital of the state. 

5. Dhola-Sadiya Bridge- Longest River Bridge Of India:

Assam-19 Interesting Facts About Assam,2019, Dhola-Sadia Bridge
Dhola-Sadiya Bridge
The Dhola-Sadiya Bridge is India's longest bridge till now. However, another bridge called Kacchi Dargah Bidupur Bridge under construction which is situated at the Bihar state of India. The total length of Dhola-Sadiya Bridge is 9.15 k.m. and the Kacchi Dargah Bidupur Bridge is 9.76 k.m. The expected completion year of the Kacchi Dargah Bidupur Bridge is December 2020 and when the construction of the bridge is completed then it will become the longest river bridge of India. The Dhola-Sadiya Bridge connects the North Eastern state Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. The bridge crosses the Lohit River which is one of the major tributaries of the watercourse Brahmaputra from the village of Dhola in the South to Sadiya to the North. This bridge is the permanent and main road connection between the Northern Assam and the Eastern Arunachal Pradesh. The construction of the bridge was started in the year November 2011 and ends in the year 10th March 2017. The bridge was officially opened or inaugurated by the powerful Prime Minister of India Sri Narendra Modi on 26th May 2017 and the bridge was named as "Bhupen Hazarika Setu" who was a famous creative person, singer, film-maker and socialist of Assam. The bridge has been designed to carry up to 60 tonnes weight tanks like T-72 main battle tanks, Arjun etc. of Indian military forces. 

6. Bogibeel Bridge- Asia's Second Longest Rail-Cum-Road Bridge:

Assam-19 Interesting Facts About Assam,2019, Bogibeel Bridge
Bogibeel Bridge
The Bogibeel Bridge is the combination of road and rail bridge on the Brahmaputra river. This bridge is the second longest rail-cum-road bridge in Asia. The total length of the bridge is 4.94 k.m. and it connects the Dhemaji District and Dibrugarh District of Assam through National Highway-15 which is a colorful and glorious state of North East India. It is the fifth longest river bridge in India after the Bhupen Hazarika Setu(Dhola Sadiya Bridge). The construction of the bridge was started in the year 21st April 2002 and construction ends in the year December 2018. The bridge was opened or inaugurated by the powerful Prime Minister Sri Narendra Modi on 25th December 2018(Birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee). 

7. UNESCO Certified World Heritage Sites:

Assam-19 Interesting Facts About Assam,2019, Kaziranga National Park
Sunset View Of Kaziranga National Park
There are two World Heritage Sites in Assam state which are approved or certified by UNESCO. The World Heritage Sites are- Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park. The Manas National Park is also called Wildlife Sanctuary. The Kaziranga National Park is a bonafide World Heritage Site of the state. The Kaziranga is also called the house of two-thirds of One-Horned Rhinoceroses of the world. The calculable population of One-Horned Rhinoceros in the Kaziranga National Park is 2,401 as of 2015 census. The Kaziranga National Park is also rich in a variety of flora and fauna. In the year 2006, both the National parks- Kaziranga and Manas was declared as Tiger Reserve

8. Majuli- The Largest River Island In The World:

Majuli Island is the largest river island in the world. It is surrounded by the watercourse Brahmaputra. It is the only river island district in India. It was officially declared as the District on 8th September 2016 by Assam Government. Majuli Island is also known as the Cultural Capital of Assam, India. For more details please visit this link. 

9. Umananda- World's Smallest River Island:

Assam-19 Interesting Facts About Assam,2019, Peacock Island
Umananda Island
Umananda Island name is consist of two words- Uma(Another name of the Hindu Goddes Parvati) and Ananda which means "Happiness". Umananda Island is the smallest river island in the world and it is situated at the mid of the river Brahmaputra. The island is also called Peacock Island due to its structure. The Umananda Island is world famous for Golden Langur which is found only in Bhutan and Assam state of North East India.

10. Continuous Burning Lamp Of Dhekiakhowa Bornaamghar:

Assam-19 Interesting Facts About Assam,2019, Dhekiakhowa Bornaamghar, Jorhat
Ever-Burning Lamp Of Dhekiakhowa Bornaamghar, Jorhat
Naamghar is the combination of two Assamese words- one is Naam means Prayer and Ghar which means House. So the Naamghar means Prayer House of Assamese people. There are many Prayer House in Assam and one of them is world famous which is known as Dhekiakhowa Bornaamghar, Jorhat. It is said that there is a lamp at Dhekiakhowa Bornaamghar which has never been turned off since 1461. The lamp was first lighted by saint Sri Sri Madhav Deva in the year 1461. The lamp of Dhekiakhowa Bornaamghar has been burning ever since 1461 and religiously re-fuelled by priests from generation to generation. 

11. Mayong- The Witchcraft And Black Magic Capital:

Assam-19 Interesting Facts About Assam,2019, Mayong
Mayong Central Museum, Mayong, Morigaon
Mayong is a small village which is situated in Morigaon district of Assam. Mayong is also called the Land Of Black Magic. The people of Mayong has been practicing witchcraft and black magic since centuries. The name "Mayong" originates from the Sanskrit language word "Maya" which means "Illusion". 

12. The Brahmaputra- The Only Male River And Lifeline Of Assam:

The watercourse Brahmaputra is known as the most majestic river in the world. The Brahmaputra river flows from the Himalaya, Tibet and it enters India through the state of Arunachal Pradesh, where it is called Siang. The majestic river also flows through the state of Assam hence it is called the Lifeline of the state. The Dibang, Lohit, Dhansiri, Kolong, Kameng, Subansiri etc. are the tributaries of the river Brahmaputra. 

13. The Suicidal Place Of Birds- Jatinga:

Assam-19 Interesting Facts About Assam,2019, Jatinga
Suicidal Place Of Birds-Jatinga Village
The Jatinga is a small Assamese village and the village is situated at the Borail Hills of Assam. The village is famous for its unusual phenomenon that happens here every winter for about a hundred years. The unusual phenomenon of this village is- every year in the winter season many migratory birds committing suicide here. The mystery behind this phenomenon still remains unsolved. Hence the village Jatinga is known as the Suicidal Place Of Birds.   

14. Digboi- The Oldest Oil Refinery Of Asia:

Assam-19 Interesting Facts About Assam,2019, Digboi
Digboi Oil Refinery, Digboi
The Digboi name comes from the word "Dig, boy, dig". The Digboi is the oldest refinery of Asia which is located in a small town in Assam called Digboi. Digboi refinery was established in the year 1901 and known as the Oil City of Assam. Digboi is the second oldest oil refinery in the world. 

15. Assam- The Tea Capital Of India:

Assam-19 Interesting Facts About Assam,2019, Tea Garden, Assam Tea
Tea Garden, Jorhat
The Assam state is the highest tea producer state in India. The famous Assam tea is the identity of this state everywhere the globe. Assam state produces above 50% of India and 16% of the tea in the world. The main Tea plantation district of the state is- Jorhat and Dibrugarh. 

16. World's Famous Iconic One-Horned Rhinoceros:

Assam-19 Interesting Facts About Assam,2019, One-Horned Rhino
One-Horned Rhinoceros
The Kaziranga National Park is the most famous National Park in the world which holds two-thirds of the world one-horned rhinoceros. The famous one-horned rhinoceros cannot be found in any other state or country in all over the world. Kaziranga and Manas National Park are the world heritage sites as well. 

17. Assam- The Silk State Of India:

Assam-19 Interesting Facts About Assam,2019, Silk, Sualkuchi
Silk(Muga) Cloth, Sualkuchi
The Assam state is also famous for Silk. There are three types of silk is found in the state- Golden Muga Silk, White Pat Silk, and Eri Silk. These three types of silk are produce from Worms which can survive only in the climate of Assam. Sualkuchi is a famous place in the world due to such types of silk production and silk cloth production in large quantity. 

18. World Famous Spicy Chili- Bhut Jolokia:

Assam-19 Interesting Facts About Assam,2019, Bhut Jolokia, Ghost Pepper
Bhut Jolokia
Bhut Jolokia is one of the hybrid chili pepper which is basically cultivated in the North East India region. This type of spicy chili is mainly found in Assam state. It is also known as- Ghost Jolokia, Ghost Pepper or Ghost Chili. In the year 2007 Guinness World Records certified this chili as the hottest chili pepper in the world. 

19. Shakti Peeth- The Maa Kamakhya Temple:

Assam-19 Interesting Facts About Assam,2019, Maa Kamakhya Temple
The Maa Kamakhya Temple, Nilachal Hills
The Maa Kamakhya temple is one of the oldest and famous Shakti Peeth of the 51 Shakti Peeths. The temple is situated at the Nilachal Hills, Guwahati and the temple is dedicated to the Maa Goddes Kamakhya. The major festival of Maa Kamakhya temple is Ambubachi Mela.

Also Read: Assam-Information About Assam, India, North East India

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