Economy Of The Majuli Island, Agro-Based Economy Of Majuli - Majuli Island- The First Riverine District of India

Economy Of The Majuli Island, Agro-Based Economy Of Majuli

Economy Of The Majuli Island || Economic Condition Of Majuli || Agro-Based Economy

Economy Of The Majuli Island,  Agro-Based Economy Of Majuli
Paddy Field For Crop Production Of The Majuli Island

Economy Of The Majuli Island || Economic Condition Of Majuli || Agro-Based Economy 

      The economy of Majuli Island is agrarian. Agriculture along with its allied activities is the principal occupation of the people of Majuli Island. As high as around 80% of the overall population of the Majuli Island accrue their living from agriculture and its allied activities. As per the records of the 2001 census, 80.63% of the total working population of the Majuli Island are cultivators and agricultural workers.

        Majuli Island falls beneath higher Brahmaputra Natural Depression Zone. The key soil cluster of the Island is new Alluvial soil. The fertility of the soil of Majuli Island is generally high due to the sufficient amount of humus content deposited by floods during the summer season. Generally, the soil is less acidic and often neutral of highly alkaline, therefore, fit for growing different crops in different crop-seasons.

       In the naturally fertile soil of Majuli Island, each food and money crops are grown in both Rabii and Kharif crop-seasons. The main Kharif crops are autumn(Ahu) paddy, Winter(Sali and Bao) paddy, along with different summer vegetables, whereas the Rabi crops include summer rice, wheat, oilseeds, pulses, potato and other vegetables. Recently, sunflower is also cultivated in some areas successfully. Among the various pulses cultivated in the Majuli Island, Black gram(Mati Kalai), Green gram(Mung), Peas(Motor Mah) and Lentil(Masur Mah) are important. Sugarcane is a vital annual crop grown within the Island. In recent years, cultivators of Majuli Island have started cultivating different varieties of high yielding paddy like Joya, Push, I.R-8, I.R.-38, Culture-1, Lachit, Kolong, Hybrid-6201 and 6444. Besides, they cultivate autumn(Ahu) paddy as it is generally considered flood-free season crop.

      Besides agriculture, fishery and animal-husbandry are two allied activities profitably running in Majuli Island. A section of SC and ST communities primarily depends on the fishing occupation. The water containing the period of the sub-division is comparatively long, having 6 to 8 months in a year which encourages fishery development. The fisheries in Majuli are natural. In the natural swamps, a large variety of fishes are found. These natural water bodies are rich in nutrients as reflected by rich Organic Carbon, high content of Nitrogen and Phosphorus. This results in the speedy growth of fish population, and thus Majuli Island could produce the marketable surplus of fish which is generally exported to Jorhat, Sivasagar, and Lakhimpur. There is the possibility of establishing a fish processing unit in Majuli Island.

        The abandoned Char-Chapories of the Majuli Island are suitable for rearing buffaloes, cow and goats. The natural environment gives impetus for rearing livestock as well as poultry in Majuli Island. Among the tribal communities, almost all the farm families rear pigs traditionally and earn a substantial income.
Also Read: How To Reach Majuli Island

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